It still requires a supercomputer to function but,
"Each core of the simulated neurosynaptic computer contains its own network of 256 'neurons,' which operate using a new mathematical model. In this model, the digital neurons mimic the independent nature of biological neurons, developing different response times and firing patterns in response to input from neighboring neurons."
I read this to mean IBM has taken a step towards the type of data processing and independent "thought" we typically associate with human brains. This should be understood in light of recent research in neurology, psychology and anthropology that suggests humans are nowhere near as "free" and independent as we have been led to believe. THe Enlightenment concept of the Autonomy of human beings has been undermined by the past few decades of research into human behavior and conformity. So by "independent thought" I mean something closer to "random" or unpredictable. Human brains also process and sort massive amounts of data in ways computers still can't manage, but are definitely getting closer to.
Singularity here we come. (I chose the Blade Runner screenshot because it was the first great android story from my youth)