The DOJ and 33 state attorney generals have proposed some interesting "solutions" to Apple's ebook "price fixing". Essentially the battle has been over Apple's traditionally closed content and business model.
Apple will have to end its contracts that fix prices in it's ecosystem. This is a fascinating and not unexpected development. In many ways this is an attempt to apply free market principles to ebook pricing, but the problem is that software and systems architectures don't always work with free market approaches, because consumers don't own their digital purchases and get locked into whichever vendor they start with. This is why the Nook and Google have struggled to gain market share. It is not that the system is not open enough. The problem is that most people at this point have so much content in Amazon or Apple that they cannot afford to migrate over to Nook or Google.
The DOJ proposal ignores this elephant in the room. If they proposed real ownership of digital content, then it wouldn't matter what price Apple charges because consumers would buy their product elsewhere and load it themselves. The cynic in me sees this ruling as the government simply dancing around the issue while trying to mollify the big Money, but not really deal with the issue.
For libraries this is no victory at all. Regardless of how things proceed, DOJ